PMC on Twitter (@PA4ModernCourts)
Justice Orie Melvin News
- December 11, 2013
- June 7, 2013
- May 15, 2013
Trial of Justice Joan Orie Melvin
PMC on Twitter (@PA4ModernCourts)
Justice Orie Melvin News
Supreme Court Justice Joan Orie Melvin has resigned from the bench following her criminal conviction stemming from her use of state resources to further her judicial campaign. Her trial began January 23, 2013, in the Allegheny Court of Common Pleas before Judge Lester G. Nauhaus.
On February 21, 2013, after four days of deliberation, the jury found Justice Orie Melvin guilty of six of the seven counts brought against her.
On March 25, 2013, Justice Orie Melvin announced that she will resign from the Supreme Court, with an effective date of May 1, 2013.
On May 7, 2013, Judge Neuhaus sentenced Orie Melvin to three years house arrest followed by two years of probation. She will also be required to send a handwritten apology to every judge in the state.
PMC post-conviction Press Release: Conviction of Justice Orie Melvin Highlights Need for Merit Selection
In April of 2010, two of Justice Orie Melvin's sisters, state senator Jane Orie and Janine Orie, were arrested and charged with theft of services and criminal conspiracy for the use of Sen. Orie's offices and legislative staff for political work related to the Senator's political campaigns as well as the judicial campaigns of Justice Orie Melvin. In July 2010, the Court of Common Pleas ordered Senator Orie and Janine Orie to stand trial.
The court set a trial date of February 7, 2011. Before trial began, presiding Judge Jeffrey Manning declared a mistrial based on evidence that the defense doctored relevant documents. A new trial date was set for April 11, 2011. Senator Orie was tried alone, and found guilty of 14 counts of forgery, conflict of interest, and theft of services. She is presently serving two and a half to ten years in prison.
Investigation and Suspension
Justice Orie Melvin received formal notice in January of 2012 that she was the target of a grand jury investigation for the improper use of judicial and legislative staff for her campaigns. PMC called for the Justice to temporarily step down or face suspension by the Supreme Court. PMC Executive Director Lynn A. Marks explained, “All citizens, including judges are presumed innocent until proven guilty, but judges and especially Supreme Court justices should not be permitted to judge others while under the cloud of such a serious investigation.”
On May 18, 2012, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court issued an order suspending Justice Orie Melvin, stating that "in view of the compelling and immediate need to protect and preserve the integrity of the Unified Judicial System and the administration of justice of the citizens of this Commonwealth, Madame Justice Orie Melvin is hereby relieved of any and all judicial and administrative responsibilities as a justice and is not to take any further administrative or judicial action whatsoever in any case." Justice Orie Melvin's offices were secured and vacated, and her employees were furloughed.
Charges and Trial
Justice Orie Melvin stands trial in Allegheny County on seven counts. She was originally indicted on nine charges, including: three counts of theft of services, two counts of conspiracy, one count of solicitation to tamper with or fabricate evidence, two counts of official oppression and one count of misapplication of entrusted property. At her preliminary hearing, one count of official oppression and the count of solicitation were dismissed.
Explanation of Charges
Justice Orie Melvin's trial began on January 23, 2012 before Judge Lester G. Nauhaus of the Allegheny Court of Common Pleas. On February 21, after four days of deliberation, the jury found Justice Orie Melvin guilty of six of the seven counts brought against her. She was acquitted of the count of Official Oppression.
Preliminary hearingOrie Melvin's preliminary hearing was held on July 30 and 31, 2012. She requested the recusal of the entire Allegheny County bench, arguing that a key witness in the case, Lisa Sasinoski, is the wife of one of the Allegheny County judges, Kevin G. Sasinoski, who could also be called to testify. The Supreme Court denied this request. The Allegheny Court of Common Pleas subsequently ruled that Judge Sasinoski would not have to testify at Orie Melvin's preliminary hearing. At the hearing, ten witnesses testified over the two days. Magisterial District Judge James J. Hanley Jr. determined that a prima facie case had been established for seven of the nine charges and that Orie Melvin should go to trial. The court dismissed one count of official oppression and the count of criminal solicitation.
Court of Judicial Discipline: Hearing on whether to suspend payOn August 31, 2012, the Court of Judicial Discipline suspended Orie Melvin's pay. Suspending pay of an accused judicial officer is unusual, but the court determined that the charges against Orie Melvin were “strong – and that they describe conduct so egregious as to require Respondent’s suspension without pay.”
Motion to DismissIn December 2012, Orie Melvin filed a memorandum stating that she should not be facing criminal charges, arguing that activity by court employees should only properly be regulated by the judiciary. The memorandum characterized the proceedings as "unprecedented and flawed," and that continuing with them would expose the judiciary to the "arbitrary police power of every prosecutor." Judge Lester G. Nauhaus rejected the argument.
On March 25, 2013, Justice Joan Orie Melvin announced her resignation from the Supreme Court in a letter to Gov. Corbett, to take effect May 1, 2013. In the letter she expresses her intention to appeal her jury conviction, but that she believes the people of Pennsylvania "deserve a fully-staffed Supreme Court," necessitating that she step down.
On June 5, Orie Melvin filed a Statement of Appeal with the Superior Court outlining twenty potential issues to be raised on appeal. A hearing on the appeal has been scheduled for July 19. Click here for more information.
On June 12, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court suspended Orie Melvin's license to practice law. The suspension is temporary and Orie Melvin has ten days to petition the court for a hearing.
On May 2, the Pennsylvania Superior Court granted Orie Melvin's motion to consolidate the pending appeals of her criminal conviction and stay of sentence. Click here for more information.
Former Justice Orie Melvin earned a B.A. in Economics in 1978 from the University of Notre Dame in Indiana, and earned her J.D. in 1981 from Duquesne University School of Law in Pittsburgh. She went into private practice from 1981 to 1985, at which time she was appointed to the Pittsburgh Municipal Court as Magistrate Judge, becoming Chief Magistrate Judge in 1987. In 1990 Orie Melvin was appointed to fill a vacancy in the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, and was elected to a full term in 1991, serving in the court's civil, criminal, and family divisions. In 1997, she was elected to the Superior Court of Pennsylvania, and was retained in 2007. She ran for justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in 2003 but was defeated by Max Baer, and then ran successfully in 2009, winning a 10-year term.
Information About ...
The Status of Merit Selection Efforts in Pennsylvania
To learn about efforts and progress toward changing the way we select judges in Pennsylvania, visit our merit selection page.
The Pathway to a More Inclusive Bench
PMC at the Supreme Court
Williams-Yulee v. the Florida Bar: Can judicial candidates personally ask for money? Check out our analysis here
Need jury information?
Enter your zipcode and get information about the jury in your county.
Judicial Discipline System
To read PMC's Report and recommendations for improving the Judicial Discipline System, click here.
The Court System
For questions about your local courts and court procedures, use our county court finder to find contact information for the offices who can best answer your questions.
Navigating -- or Getting Through -- the Pennsylvania Courts
For questions about what happens during a court case, court procedures, and the litigation process, visit our new Guide for Court Users.
We'd like to hear from you.